The NWS National Hurricane Center has requested GOES-16 1-min mesoscale imagery to support monitoring of Hurricane Florence since September 5. Previous blog posts have discussed the value of 1-min satellite imagery for analyzing tropical cyclones, particularly for identifying a center of circulation and for monitoring thunderstorm evolution. The Florence center of circulation appeared to have briefly revealed itself in 1-min VIS during the morning of 9 September (Fig 1). Thunderstorms in the vicinity of the storm center quickly obscured the view.
By 5 AM Monday, Florence had strengthened to a category 2 storm, with an eye apparent in satellite imagery. The storm was also quite large, as depicted in Figure 2, which shows the storm with respect to the full 1000 x 1000 km (at nadir) 1-min mesoscale sector. The westward shift of the sector is captured in the middle of the animation. Bermuda was well to the north of the forecast path.
A little later in the morning on September 10, the NHC requested 30-second imagery over Florence (Fig 3). As a reminder, two sectors of 1-min imagery can be collected, OR one sector of 30-second imagery, from an ABI.
Bill Line, NWS